Indica vs Sativa: What s The Difference Between Indica and Sativa

Strain is a term used to describe a species of cannabis. It’s used to categorize the different varieties of cannabis by the types of cannabinoids they contain, their ratios, and how they affect people. There are three main types: indica, sativa, and hybrids. Within those categories are dozens upon dozens of variations that each have their own distinct qualities. The two main kinds of cannabinoids that are present in specific strains are THC and CBD. effects of cannabis THC will make you feel more high. Medically reviewed CBD will make you feel less high and help with pain relief or insomnia. The ratio between the two can help you figure out what type of strain it is. In order to understand the differences between these types of strains, we must first understand the major cannabinoids that differentiate each type of cannabis product.


THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is well known by even those who have never touched a joint or bong. It is almost exclusively responsible for getting users high with psychoactive effects. High THC content is also known to treat nausea, inflammation, pain, and even stimulate appetite. THC in medical marijuana has been studied for its effectiveness in treating many illnesses and ailments, including cancer, glaucoma, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, eating disorders and reduce anxiety. The are suggestions and are not intended as medical advice. 21 years of age and older.


Cannabidiol CBD in medical cannabis, has many medical benefits including anti-inflammatory effects and can be used to relieve pain, anxiety, and nausea.

What Determines Indica or Sativa?

Cannabis sativa and cannabis indica plant was first classified in 1753 by Carolus Linnaeus into the genus Cannabis sativa. The Latin name of the species is derived from sativa meaning “sown” or “cultivated.” Cannabis indica was created to differentiate between the two plants by their physical characteristics. THC is a psychoactive component that can cause euphoria, relaxation or anxiety. CBD is non-psychoactive and has been shown to be an effective treatment for pain and inflammation. Terpenes are aromatic molecules that produce different sensations on the human body. For instance, pinene helps with alertness while limonene elevates mood and reduces stress. When put together, these compounds combine to create unique side effects that range from energetic to relaxing to creative. Additionally, sativa and indica strains have a cannabinoid and terpene profile that looks different from other cannabis strains. The visual differences between strains are known as phenotypes, and they can be helpful when choosing between strains with similar cannabinoid profiles but different scent profiles (called chemovars). For example, two strains might have an identical THC levels but look completely different because of their terpene profiles (one may smell more citrusy and another like cheese).

Sativa vs Indica Chart:

sativa vs indica chart

Understanding Indica Versus Sativa Strains:

Pure Indica plants are shorter, with wider leaves than their sativa counterparts. It is believed that labeled indica plants grow in mountainous regions such as Nepal, Morocco, and India. Indica strains are said to provide a sedating high.

Indica v Sativa Effects:

Indica dominant strain include more CBD than THC. They’re also known for relaxing your body, relieving pain, and causing a couch lock.

Understanding Sativa Strains:

Sativa dominant strains are tall, with narrow leaves and grow best under long periods of sunlight. Because of these traits, it is believed that sativa strains evolved in tropical regions such as Mexico, Thailand, and Afghanistan. Sativa strains are said to provide a cerebral high and an entourage effect.

Sativa vs Indica Effects:

Sativa plants have more THC than CBD. These marijuana strains are known for energizing your body and giving you a head high instead of a body high. They can help with depression, focus, and attention to detail.

Understanding Hybrid Strains:

Hybrids cannabis plants are a cross breeding between indica and sativa strains which exhibit traits from both parents. Some hybrids are thought to possess the best qualities from each side—fast flowering times and high cannabinoid levels from sativas and sedative effects from indicas. Hybrids may help

Indica vs Hybrid Effects:

Hybrids are a mix between indica and sativa strains that have both properties: they tend to be energizing, but usually still give you some sort of body high as well; they tend to have less CBD than indica strains and more CBD than sativa strains; they usually give you more of a head high than an actual stoned feeling

Choosing Indica vs Sativa vs Hybrid:

When choosing the right strain, cannabis users should consider a few things. First, there is the cannabinoid profile, which is comprised of three major compounds: THC, CBD, and terpenes. Each compound has its own effect on the human body. The best way to figure out which strain is best for your needs is by sampling. Even if you buy from a cannabis dispensary (hopefully one that grows its own marijuana), you’ll probably still have a few options on hand to try before you settle on one. And if you’re growing your own plants, learn what to look for in order to pick out the best ones for your needs.

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